Skip to main content
Version: 2.0.0-beta.15

Code blocks

Code blocks within documentation are super-powered 💪.

Code title

You can add a title to the code block by adding a title key after the language (leave a space between them).

```jsx title="/src/components/HelloCodeTitle.js"
function HelloCodeTitle(props) {
return <h1>Hello, {props.name}</h1>;
}
```
http://localhost:3000
/src/components/HelloCodeTitle.js
function HelloCodeTitle(props) {
return <h1>Hello, {props.name}</h1>;
}

Syntax highlighting

Code blocks are text blocks wrapped around by strings of 3 backticks. You may check out this reference for the specifications of MDX.

```js
console.log('Every repo must come with a mascot.');
```

Use the matching language meta string for your code block, and Docusaurus will pick up syntax highlighting automatically, powered by Prism React Renderer.

http://localhost:3000
console.log('Every repo must come with a mascot.');

Theming

By default, the Prism syntax highlighting theme we use is Palenight. You can change this to another theme by passing theme field in prism as themeConfig in your docusaurus.config.js.

For example, if you prefer to use the dracula highlighting theme:

docusaurus.config.js
module.exports = {
themeConfig: {
prism: {
theme: require('prism-react-renderer/themes/dracula'),
},
},
};

Because a Prism theme is just a JS object, you can also write your own theme if you are not satisfied with the default. Docusaurus enhances the github and vsDark themes to provide richer highlight, and you can check our implementations for the light and dark code block themes.

Supported Languages

By default, Docusaurus comes with a subset of commonly used languages.

caution

Some popular languages like Java, C#, or PHP are not enabled by default.

To add syntax highlighting for any of the other Prism-supported languages, define it in an array of additional languages.

For example, if you want to add highlighting for the PowerShell language:

docusaurus.config.js
module.exports = {
// ...
themeConfig: {
prism: {
additionalLanguages: ['powershell'],
},
// ...
},
};

After adding additionalLanguages, restart Docusaurus.

If you want to add highlighting for languages not yet supported by Prism, you can swizzle prism-include-languages:

npm run swizzle @docusaurus/theme-classic prism-include-languages

It will produce prism-include-languages.js in your src/theme folder. You can add highlighting support for custom languages by editing prism-include-languages.js:

src/theme/prism-include-languages.js
const prismIncludeLanguages = (Prism) => {
// ...

additionalLanguages.forEach((lang) => {
require(`prismjs/components/prism-${lang}`);
});

require('/path/to/your/prism-language-definition');

// ...
};

You can refer to Prism's official language definitions when you are writing your own language definitions.

Line highlighting

Highlighting with comments

You can use comments with highlight-next-line, highlight-start, and highlight-end to select which lines are highlighted.

```js
function HighlightSomeText(highlight) {
if (highlight) {
// highlight-next-line
return 'This text is highlighted!';
}

return 'Nothing highlighted';
}

function HighlightMoreText(highlight) {
// highlight-start
if (highlight) {
return 'This range is highlighted!';
}
// highlight-end

return 'Nothing highlighted';
}
```
http://localhost:3000
function HighlightSomeText(highlight) {
if (highlight) {
return 'This text is highlighted!';
}

return 'Nothing highlighted';
}

function HighlightMoreText(highlight) {
if (highlight) {
return 'This range is highlighted!';
}

return 'Nothing highlighted';
}

Supported commenting syntax:

LanguageSyntax
JavaScript/* ... */ and // ...
JSX{/* ... */}
Python# ...
HTML<!-- ... -->

If there's a syntax that is not currently supported, we are open to adding them! Pull requests welcome.

To accomplish this, Docusaurus adds the docusaurus-highlight-code-line class to the highlighted lines. You will need to define your own styling for this CSS, possibly in your src/css/custom.css with a custom background color which is dependent on your selected syntax highlighting theme. The color given below works for the default highlighting theme (Palenight), so if you are using another theme, you will have to tweak the color accordingly.

/src/css/custom.css
.docusaurus-highlight-code-line {
background-color: rgb(72, 77, 91);
display: block;
margin: 0 calc(-1 * var(--ifm-pre-padding));
padding: 0 var(--ifm-pre-padding);
}

/* If you have a different syntax highlighting theme for dark mode. */
html[data-theme='dark'] .docusaurus-highlight-code-line {
/* Color which works with dark mode syntax highlighting theme */
background-color: rgb(100, 100, 100);
}

Highlighting with metadata string

You can also specify highlighted line ranges within the language meta string (leave a space after the language). To highlight multiple lines, separate the line numbers by commas or use the range syntax to select a chunk of lines. This feature uses the parse-number-range library and you can find more syntax on their project details.

```jsx {1,4-6,11}
import React from 'react';

function MyComponent(props) {
if (props.isBar) {
return <div>Bar</div>;
}

return <div>Foo</div>;
}

export default MyComponent;
```
http://localhost:3000
import React from 'react';

function MyComponent(props) {
if (props.isBar) {
return <div>Bar</div>;
}

return <div>Foo</div>;
}

export default MyComponent;
prefer comments

Prefer highlighting with comments where you can. By inlining highlight in the code, you don't have to manually count the lines if your code block becomes long. If you add/remove lines, you also don't have to offset your line ranges.

- ```jsx {3}
+ ```jsx {4}
function HighlightSomeText(highlight) {
if (highlight) {
+ console.log('Highlighted text found');
return 'This text is highlighted!';
}

return 'Nothing highlighted';
}
```

In the future, we may extend the magic comment system and let you define custom directives and their functionalities. The magic comments would only be parsed if a highlight metastring is not present.

Interactive code editor

(Powered by React Live)

You can create an interactive coding editor with the @docusaurus/theme-live-codeblock plugin.

First, add the plugin to your package.

npm install --save @docusaurus/theme-live-codeblock

You will also need to add the plugin to your docusaurus.config.js.

module.exports = {
// ...
themes: ['@docusaurus/theme-live-codeblock'],
// ...
};

To use the plugin, create a code block with live attached to the language meta string.

```jsx live
function Clock(props) {
const [date, setDate] = useState(new Date());
useEffect(() => {
var timerID = setInterval(() => tick(), 1000);

return function cleanup() {
clearInterval(timerID);
};
});

function tick() {
setDate(new Date());
}

return (
<div>
<h2>It is {date.toLocaleTimeString()}.</h2>
</div>
);
}
```

The code block will be rendered as an interactive editor. Changes to the code will reflect on the result panel live.

http://localhost:3000
Live Editor
Result
Loading...

Imports

react-live and imports

It is not possible to import components directly from the react-live code editor, you have to define available imports upfront.

By default, all React imports are available. If you need more imports available, swizzle the react-live scope:

npm run swizzle @docusaurus/theme-live-codeblock ReactLiveScope
src/theme/ReactLiveScope/index.js
import React from 'react';

const ButtonExample = (props) => (
<button
{...props}
style={{
backgroundColor: 'white',
color: 'black',
border: 'solid red',
borderRadius: 20,
padding: 10,
cursor: 'pointer',
...props.style,
}}
/>
);

// Add react-live imports you need here
const ReactLiveScope = {
React,
...React,
ButtonExample,
};

export default ReactLiveScope;

The ButtonExample component is now available to use:

http://localhost:3000
Live Editor
Result
Loading...

Using JSX markup in code blocks

Code block in Markdown always preserves its content as plain text, meaning you can't do something like:

type EditUrlFunction = (params: {
// This doesn't turn into a link (for good reason!)
version: <a href="/docs/versioning">Version</a>;
versionDocsDirPath: string;
docPath: string;
permalink: string;
locale: string;
}) => string | undefined;

If you want to embed HTML markup such as anchor links or bold type, you can use the <pre> tag, <code> tag, or <CodeBlock> component.

<pre>
<b>Input: </b>1 2 3 4{'\n'}
<b>Output: </b>"366300745"{'\n'}
</pre>
http://localhost:3000
Input: 1 2 3 4
Output: "366300745"
MDX is whitespace insensitive

MDX is in line with JSX behavior: line break characters, even when inside <pre>, are turned into spaces. You have to explicitly write the new line character for it to be printed out.

caution

Syntax highlighting only works on plain strings. Docusaurus will not attempt to parse code block content containing JSX children.

Multi-language support code blocks

With MDX, you can easily create interactive components within your documentation, for example, to display code in multiple programming languages and switch between them using a tabs component.

Instead of implementing a dedicated component for multi-language support code blocks, we've implemented a generic Tabs component in the classic theme so that you can use it for other non-code scenarios as well.

The following example is how you can have multi-language code tabs in your docs. Note that the empty lines above and below each language block are intentional. This is a current limitation of MDX: you have to leave empty lines around Markdown syntax for the MDX parser to know that it's Markdown syntax and not JSX.

import Tabs from '@theme/Tabs';
import TabItem from '@theme/TabItem';

<Tabs>
<TabItem value="js" label="JavaScript">

```js
function helloWorld() {
console.log('Hello, world!');
}
```

</TabItem>
<TabItem value="py" label="Python">

```py
def hello_world():
print 'Hello, world!'
```

</TabItem>
<TabItem value="java" label="Java">

```java
class HelloWorld {
public static void main(String args[]) {
System.out.println("Hello, World");
}
}
```

</TabItem>
</Tabs>

And you will get the following:

http://localhost:3000
function helloWorld() {
console.log('Hello, world!');
}

If you have multiple of these multi-language code tabs, and you want to sync the selection across the tab instances, refer to the Syncing tab choices section.

Docusaurus npm2yarn remark plugin

Displaying CLI commands in both NPM and Yarn is a very common need, for example:

npm install @docusaurus/remark-plugin-npm2yarn

Docusaurus provides such a utility out of the box, freeing you from using the Tabs component every time. To enable this feature, first install the @docusaurus/remark-plugin-npm2yarn package as above, and then in docusaurus.config.js, for the plugins where you need this feature (doc, blog, pages, etc.), register it in the remarkPlugins option. (See Docs configuration for more details on configuration format)

docusaurus.config.js
module.exports = {
// ...
presets: [
[
'@docusaurus/preset-classic',
{
docs: {
remarkPlugins: [
[require('@docusaurus/remark-plugin-npm2yarn'), {sync: true}],
],
},
pages: {
remarkPlugins: [require('@docusaurus/remark-plugin-npm2yarn')],
},
blog: {
// ...
},
},
],
],
};

And then use it by adding the npm2yarn key to the code block:

```bash npm2yarn
npm install @docusaurus/remark-plugin-npm2yarn
```

Using the {sync: true} option would make all tab choices synced. Because the choice is stored under the same namespace npm2yarn, different npm2yarn plugin instances would also sync their choices.

Usage in JSX

Outside of Markdown, you can use the @theme/CodeBlock component to get the same output.

import CodeBlock from '@theme/CodeBlock';

export default function MyReactPage() {
return (
<div>
<CodeBlock language="jsx" title="/src/components/HelloCodeTitle.js">
{`function HelloCodeTitle(props) {
return <h1>Hello, {props.name}</h1>;
}`}
</CodeBlock>
</div>
);
}
http://localhost:3000
/src/components/HelloCodeTitle.js
function HelloCodeTitle(props) {
return <h1>Hello, {props.name}</h1>;
}

The props accepted are language and title, in the same way as you write Markdown code blocks.

Although discouraged, you can also pass in a metastring prop like metastring='{1-2} title="/src/components/HelloCodeTitle.js"', which is how Markdown code blocks are handled under the hood. However, we recommend you use comments for highlighting lines.

As previously stated, syntax highlighting is only applied when the children is a simple string.