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Version: 2.0.0-beta.15

生命周期 API

During the build, plugins are loaded in parallel to fetch their own contents and render them to routes. Plugins may also configure webpack or post-process the generated files.

async loadContent()

Plugins should use this lifecycle to fetch from data sources (filesystem, remote API, headless CMS, etc.) or do some server processing. The return value is the content it needs.

For example, this plugin below return a random integer between 1 to 10 as content.

docusaurus-plugin/src/index.js
module.exports = function (context, options) {
return {
name: 'docusaurus-plugin',
async loadContent() {
return 1 + Math.floor(Math.random() * 10);
},
};
};

async contentLoaded({content, actions})

The data that was loaded in loadContent will be consumed in contentLoaded. It can be rendered to routes, registered as global data, etc.

content

contentLoaded will be called after loadContent is done. The return value of loadContent() will be passed to contentLoaded as content.

actions

actions contain three functions:

addRoute(config: RouteConfig): void

Create a route to add to the website.

interface RouteConfig {
path: string;
component: string;
modules?: RouteModule;
routes?: RouteConfig[];
exact?: boolean;
priority?: number;
}
interface RouteModule {
[module: string]: Module | RouteModule | RouteModule[];
}
type Module =
| {
path: string;
__import?: boolean;
query?: ParsedUrlQueryInput;
}
| string;

createData(name: string, data: any): Promise<string>

A declarative callback to create static data (generally JSON or string) which can later be provided to your routes as props. Takes the file name and data to be stored, and returns the actual data file's path.

For example, this plugin below creates a /friends page which displays Your friends are: Yangshun, Sebastien:

website/src/components/Friends.js
import React from 'react';

export default function FriendsComponent({friends}) {
return <div>Your friends are {friends.join(',')}</div>;
}
docusaurus-friends-plugin/src/index.js
export default function friendsPlugin(context, options) {
return {
name: 'docusaurus-friends-plugin',
async contentLoaded({content, actions}) {
const {createData, addRoute} = actions;
// Create friends.json
const friends = ['Yangshun', 'Sebastien'];
const friendsJsonPath = await createData(
'friends.json',
JSON.stringify(friends),
);

// Add the '/friends' routes, and ensure it receives the friends props
addRoute({
path: '/friends',
component: '@site/src/components/Friends.js',
modules: {
// propName -> JSON file path
friends: friendsJsonPath,
},
exact: true,
});
},
};
}

setGlobalData(data: any): void

This function permits one to create some global plugin data that can be read from any page, including the pages created by other plugins, and your theme layout.

This data becomes accessible to your client-side/theme code through the useGlobalData and usePluginData hooks.

caution

Global data is... global: its size affects the loading time of all pages of your site, so try to keep it small. Prefer createData and page-specific data whenever possible.

For example, this plugin below creates a /friends page which displays Your friends are: Yangshun, Sebastien:

website/src/components/Friends.js
import React from 'react';
import {usePluginData} from '@docusaurus/useGlobalData';

export default function FriendsComponent() {
const {friends} = usePluginData('my-friends-plugin');
return <div>Your friends are {friends.join(',')}</div>;
}
docusaurus-friends-plugin/src/index.js
export default function friendsPlugin(context, options) {
return {
name: 'docusaurus-friends-plugin',
async contentLoaded({content, actions}) {
const {setGlobalData, addRoute} = actions;
// Create friends global data
setGlobalData({friends: ['Yangshun', 'Sebastien']});

// Add the '/friends' routes
addRoute({
path: '/friends',
component: '@site/src/components/Friends.js',
exact: true,
});
},
};
}

configureWebpack(config, isServer, utils, content)

Modifies the internal webpack config. If the return value is a JavaScript object, it will be merged into the final config using webpack-merge. If it is a function, it will be called and receive config as the first argument and an isServer flag as the second argument.

caution

The API of configureWebpack will be modified in the future to accept an object (configureWebpack({config, isServer, utils, content}))

config

configureWebpack is called with config generated according to client/server build. You may treat this as the base config to be merged with.

isServer

configureWebpack will be called both in server build and in client build. The server build receives true and the client build receives false as isServer.

utils

configureWebpack also receives an util object:

  • getStyleLoaders(isServer: boolean, cssOptions: {[key: string]: any}): Loader[]
  • getJSLoader(isServer: boolean, cacheOptions?: {}): Loader | null

You may use them to return your webpack configures conditionally.

For example, this plugin below modify the webpack config to transpile .foo files.

docusaurus-plugin/src/index.js
module.exports = function (context, options) {
return {
name: 'custom-docusaurus-plugin',
configureWebpack(config, isServer, utils) {
const {getCacheLoader} = utils;
return {
module: {
rules: [
{
test: /\.foo$/,
use: [getCacheLoader(isServer), 'my-custom-webpack-loader'],
},
],
},
};
},
};
};

content

configureWebpack will be called both with the content loaded by the plugin.

合并策略

We merge the Webpack configuration parts of plugins into the global Webpack config using webpack-merge.

It is possible to specify the merge strategy. For example, if you want a webpack rule to be prepended instead of appended:

docusaurus-plugin/src/index.js
module.exports = function (context, options) {
return {
name: 'custom-docusaurus-plugin',
configureWebpack(config, isServer, utils) {
return {
mergeStrategy: {'module.rules': 'prepend'},
module: {rules: [myRuleToPrepend]},
};
},
};
};

Read the webpack-merge strategy doc for more details.

configurePostCss(options)

Modifies postcssOptions of postcss-loader during the generation of the client bundle.

Should return the mutated postcssOptions.

By default, postcssOptions looks like this:

const postcssOptions = {
ident: 'postcss',
plugins: [require('autoprefixer')],
};

示例:

docusaurus-plugin/src/index.js
module.exports = function (context, options) {
return {
name: 'docusaurus-plugin',
configurePostCss(postcssOptions) {
// Appends new PostCSS plugin.
postcssOptions.plugins.push(require('postcss-import'));
return postcssOptions;
},
};
};

postBuild(props)

Called when a (production) build finishes.

interface Props {
siteDir: string;
generatedFilesDir: string;
siteConfig: DocusaurusConfig;
outDir: string;
baseUrl: string;
headTags: string;
preBodyTags: string;
postBodyTags: string;
routesPaths: string[];
plugins: Plugin<any>[];
content: Content;
}

示例:

docusaurus-plugin/src/index.js
module.exports = function (context, options) {
return {
name: 'docusaurus-plugin',
async postBuild({siteConfig = {}, routesPaths = [], outDir}) {
// Print out to console all the rendered routes.
routesPaths.map((route) => {
console.log(route);
});
},
};
};

injectHtmlTags({content})

Inject head and/or body HTML tags to Docusaurus generated HTML.

injectHtmlTags will be called both with the content loaded by the plugin.

function injectHtmlTags(): {
headTags?: HtmlTags;
preBodyTags?: HtmlTags;
postBodyTags?: HtmlTags;
};

type HtmlTags = string | HtmlTagObject | (string | HtmlTagObject)[];

interface HtmlTagObject {
/**
* Attributes of the HTML tag
* E.g. `{'disabled': true, 'value': 'demo', 'rel': 'preconnect'}`
*/
attributes?: {
[attributeName: string]: string | boolean;
};
/**
* The tag name e.g. `div`, `script`, `link`, `meta`
*/
tagName: string;
/**
* The inner HTML
*/
innerHTML?: string;
}

示例:

docusaurus-plugin/src/index.js
module.exports = function (context, options) {
return {
name: 'docusaurus-plugin',
loadContent: async () => {
return {remoteHeadTags: await fetchHeadTagsFromAPI()};
},
injectHtmlTags({content}) {
return {
headTags: [
{
tagName: 'link',
attributes: {
rel: 'preconnect',
href: 'https://www.github.com',
},
},
...content.remoteHeadTags,
],
preBodyTags: [
{
tagName: 'script',
attributes: {
charset: 'utf-8',
src: '/noflash.js',
},
},
],
postBodyTags: [`<div> This is post body </div>`],
};
},
};
};

getClientModules()

Returns an array of paths to the modules that are to be imported into the client bundle. These modules are imported globally before React even renders the initial UI.

As an example, to make your theme load a customCss or customJs file path from options passed in by the user:

my-theme/src/index.js
const path = require('path');

module.exports = function (context, options) {
const {customCss, customJs} = options || {};
return {
name: 'name-of-my-theme',
getClientModules() {
return [customCss, customJs];
},
};
};